Oberhuber, J.M., An atlas based on the 'COADS' data set: the budgets of heat, buoyancy and turbulent kinetic energy at the surface of the global ocean, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie, 2000 Hamburg 13, Bundesstrasse 55, Germany, March 1988.
The following text is taken from the atlas's Abstract:
This Atlas presents mean fields of surface fluxes of heat, buoyancy and turbulent kinetic energy into the global ocean, for each month averaged over 1950-79. From these basic fluxes we try to estimate the mixed layer Monin-Obukhov length. Finally, we present an alternative to the Newtonian cooling formulation as it is often used in oceanic circulation models.
The main data source for this study is the 'COADS'. Additionally, we take the rainfall analysis from Shea and the surface salinity from Levitus. Fields are left blank in regions where the 'COADS' are uncertain because of too few available measurements. All derived quantities are presented in a spatial resolution of 2x2 degree as monthly means.
With this atlas it is our aim to help ocean modellers in designing their model forcing. We provide a summary of all important fluxes into the ocean which directly influence the ocean dynamics and the underlying formulas.